If thing that distinguishes cinema is EDITING. Editing is cutting a film, but many editors find it as an assembly of film. Beyond basic function of putting the film together, the craftsmanship of editing can be dealt with such subtly that it can be a foundation to the film’s pace and atmosphere. It’s all about the control and manipulation of the EMOTIONS.
Editing turns the act of moviemaking into the art of cinema. Cutting films allow quick transition from one location to another. This camera tricks allows to progress stories through varieties of spaces. It is about manipulation places, time and space.
Cutting scene into quick shot allows to avoid unnecessary long shots which would bore the person watching film. It is compressing the time. For example,
instead of showing the fireman leaving to building through the window by him walking to the window and then another shot from outside the build when again we can see him coming to the window and walking out of it, we could easily cut the scene when he comes to the window and then next shot with him coming down on the ladder outside. It gives the continuity to the shots. That is why it is important to CUT TO ACTION.
To show emotions it can be easy done by cutting to closer angle (close ups).
Another technique in editing is Montage. It is displaying shot in a context of another.
There are 3 editing tasks when arranging the scene:
- What shot to use
- Where to begin it
- Where to end it
Shots must be long enough to convince the meaning of it. We should think what message have to be told in that specific shot. End the shot when the emotions are recognised.
Cutting to reactions emphasise the mood of the scene. For example, laugh or crowd yelling after speech. Getting to the mind of a character can be easily done but flashing back the memories-quick cuts of what happened in the past.
Reverse edits are used usually when there is a conversation between two or more people. Shot is cut when the person is speaking and then when another person respond camera goes back to that person.
Cuts depend on the message. We cut scenes to make them visually interesting. The best arrangement of scenes fives the film good structure and flow.
Edits are connectives in the Language of the Film like words ‘next, and then, until, although and however’ connects sentences. Transitions set the mood of the scenes. There can be smooth transitions or hard cuts. Match-cuts are made to match transitions to the shots/scenes. Transitions from one location to another are made according to single movement. To cut scenes editors sometimes merge scenes or blur them together as a transition.
Fade outs are used to show the end of the journey.
One good advice to all editors: Sometimes the choice of cutting should be spontaneous, not based or rationality.